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Table 4 Gender differences in outcomes: mixed-modelling with GEE (N = 93)

From: Does gender matter? Exploring mental health recovery court legal and health outcomes

   Annual rate   Confidence interval p
Mean, CI β*
JAIL MHRC Pre 15.4 (8.8, 22.0) (ref) --  
Post 15.7 (7.9, 23.4) 5.1 (−5.3, 15.5) .335
Gender Male 13.8 (8.1, 19.6) (ref) ---  
Female 19.1 (9.0, 29.1) 15.1 (−8.6, 38.8) .211
Completion Failed 25.4 (15.6, 35.1) (ref) ---  
Completed 7.4 (3.4, 11.4) −17.0 (−29.3, −4.8) .006
Gender X MHRC --- −15.0 (−36.9, 6.9) .180
Gender X Completion --- −3.4 (−26.3, 19.6) .773
PSYCH MHRC Pre 6.0 (3.6, 8.4) (ref) --  
Post 1.8 (−0.02, 3.6) −4.8 (−8.5, −1.1) .011
Gender Male 4.6 (2.5, 6.7) (ref) ---  
Female 2.5 (0.5, 4.4) −5.8 (−9.9, −1.7) .006
Completion Failed 3.6 (1.3, 5.9) (ref) ---  
Completed 4.1 (2.1, 6.2) −1.0 (−5.3, 3.4) .663
Gender X MHRC --- 1.8 (−3.2, 6.8) .475
Gender X Completion --- 4.9 (−6.2, 10.4) .082
ED MHRC Pre 6.2 (4.2, 8.2) (ref) --  
Post 3.6 (2.1, 5.0) −2.1 (−4.1, −0.2) .032
Gender Male 5.4 (3.8, 7.0) (ref) ---  
Female 3.8 (1.9, 5.6) −3.9 (−8.7, 1.0) .118
Completion Failed 6.5 (4.2, 8.8) (ref) ---  
Completed 3.5 (2.3, 4.7) −4.7 (−8.7, −0.6) .024
Gender X MHRC --- −1.4 (−5.5, 2.7) .505
Gender X Completion --- 5.4 (0.3, 10.5) .038
MED INPT MHRC Pre 1.3 (0.4, 2.2) (ref) --  
Post 1.3 (0.4, 2.2) 0.9 (−0.1, 1.9) .075
Gender Male 1.4 (0.6, 2.1) (ref) ---  
Female 1.2 (−0.01, 2.4) 1.4 (−2.3, 5.1) .452
Completion Failed 1.6 (0.5, 2.8) (ref) ---  
Completed 1.0 (0.4, 1.7) −0.6 (−2.4, 1.3) .566
Gender X MHRC --- −3.0 (−5.5, −0.5) .018
Gender X Completion --- −0.1 (−3.3, 3.0) .929
  1. *Unstandardized beta coefficient representing the effect of each predictor upon days or visits, depending upon the outcome variable.