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Table 2 Percent re-incarcerated within study period by participant baseline characteristics (N=1319)

From: Health-related factors predict return to custody in a large cohort of ex-prisoners: new approaches to predicting re-incarceration

Variable Number (%) Number (%) re-incarcerated
Exposed Unexposed
Demographic    
  Age (years)    
   18-24 336 (25.5) 220 (65.5) -
   25-39 682 (51.7) 407 (59.7) -
   40+ 301 (22.8) 94 (31.2) -
  Female 279 (21.2) 136 (48.8) 585 (56.3)
  Indigenous 335 (25.4) 238 (71.0) 483 (49.1)
Criminal justice    
  Prior adult incarceration 884 (67.1) 598 (67.7) 121 (27.9)
  Juvenile incarceration 364 (27.9) 262 (72.0) 448 (47.6)
  Any income from illegal activities† 278 (21.1) 212 (76.3) 508 (48.9)
  Longer sentence (≥6 months) 597 (45.5) 328 (54.9) 391 (54.7)
  Drug-related sentence (QCS report) 402 (30.7) 276 (68.7) 441 (48.6)
Substance use    
  High risk drinking† 475 (36.8) 294 (61.9) 402 (49.3)
  Risky cannabis use† 611 (46.4) 420 (68.7) 300 (42.4)
  Risky amphetamine use† 504 (38.3) 361 (71.6) 358 (44.0)
  Risky opioid use† 278 (21.1) 212 (76.3) 506 (48.8)
Mental health    
  History of self-harm 357 (27.1) 196 (54.9) 525 (54.6)
  CNS medications 370 (30.2) 213 (57.6) 448 (52.4)
  Screens positive for intellectual disability 398 (30.7) 248 (62.3) 458 (51.0)
  High psychological distress 341 (26.0) 187 (54.8) 531 (54.6)
Physical health    
  Two or more chronic illnesses 776 (58.8) 391 (50.4) 330 (60.8)
  Low physical health functioning 326 (25.1) 165 (50.6) 542 (55.7)
  Obese 258 (19.7) 104 (40.3) 612 (58.1)
  Sedentary 340 (25.9) 178 (52.4) 540 (55.4)
  Any STI 367 (27.8) 215 (58.6) 506 (53.2)
Social support    
  Not married or de-facto 862 (65.4) 487 (56.5) 234 (51.2)
  No visits in past four weeks 706 (53.5) 439 (62.2) 282 (46.0)
  Low perceived social support 251 (19.1) 155 (61.8) 563 (52.9)
  Taken from family as child 262 (19.9) 161 (61.5) 557 (52.9)
Health involvement    
  Low patient activation 261 (20.0) 170 (65.1) 542 (51.8)
  Physical health not important 38 (2.9) 29 (76.3) 690 (54.0)
  Mental health not important 33 (2.5) 23 (69.7) 697 (54.3)
Socioeconomic    
  Less than ten years schooling 569 (43.3) 357 (62.7) 361 (48.4)
  Unemployed† 700 (53.1) 436 (62.3) 285 (46.0)
  Unstable housing† 271 (20.6) 166 (61.3) 555 (53.0)
  Below poverty line† 618 (46.9) 344 (55.7) 376 (53.8)
  1. †prior to index incarceration.