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Table 1 Characteristics of women on probation or parole past year compared to women with no criminal justice involvement

From: Health service use and social vulnerability in a community-based sample of women on probation and parole, 2011–2013

  Probation and parole (n = 202) No CJ involvement (n = 564)
  Percent Percent
Race/ethnicity   
African American 85 89
White 8 6
Latino 4 3
Other 3 2
Drug use   
Smoked crack past 30 days 89 89
Injected drugs past 30 days* 30 16
Adult CJ history   
Ever arrested* 100 81
Ever in jail* 99 80
Ever in prison* 34 18
Ever probation* 99 57
Ever parole* 31 17
  1. *p < 0.05