Skip to main content

Table 2 Sociodemographic, Psychosocial, Behavioral, and School-related Correlates with Illicit Drug Offers among Adolescents: NSDUH 2002–2014

From: Trends in drug offers among adolescents in the United States, 2002–2014

  Adolescents ages of 12–17 (N = 199,700)
  Approached by someone selling illicit drugs in past 30 days?
  No (%) Yes (%) AOR 95% CI
Sociodemographic Factors     
Age     
 12–14 92.3 (92.1–92.5) 7.7 (7.5–7.9) 1.000 -
 15–17 79.0 (87.6–79.3) 21.1 (20.7–21.4) 3.236*** 3.134–3.343
Gender     
 Male 83.1 (82.8–83.4) 16.9 (16.6–17.2) 1.000 -
 Female 87.9 (87.6–88.2) 12.1 (11.8–12.4) 0.658*** 0.633–0.684
Race/Ethnicity     
 Black 83.7 (83.1–84.3) 16.3 (15.7–16.9) 1.140*** 1.082–1.201
 Hispanic 83.5 (83.0–84.0) 16.5 (16.0–17.0) 1.248*** 1.191–1.308
 White 86.6 (86.3–86.8) 13.5 (13.2–13.7) 1.000 -
Household Income     
 Less than $20,000 83.9 (83.4–84.4) 16.1 (15.7–16.7) 1.078* 1.016–1.144
 $20,000–$39,999 84.2 (83.8–84.7) 15.8 (15.3–16.2) 1.097** 1.037–1.160
 $40,000–$74,999 85.9 (85.5–86.3) 14.1 (13.7–14.5) 1.020 0.972–1.071
 $75,000 or higher 86.7 (86.3–87.1) 13.3 (12.9–13.7) 1.000 -
Father in Household     
 Yes 86.5 (86.2–86.7) 13.5 (13.3–13.8) 0.803*** 0.768–0.839
 No 82.7 (82.2–83.1) 17.3 (16.9–17.8) 1.000 -
Enrolled in School     
 Yes 85.7 (85.5–85.9) 14.3 (14.1–14.5) 1.000 -
 No 69.1 (66.5–71.6) 30.9 (28.4–33.5) 1.550*** 1.367–1.757
Urbanity    
 Urban 85.2 (84.9–85.4) 14.9 (14.6–15.1) 1.000 -
 Rural 90.1 (89.6–90.6) 9.9 (9.4–10.4) 0.628*** 0.592–0.667
Psychosocial Correlates     
Risk propensity     
 Low 91.3 (91.1–91.5) 8.7 (8.5–9.0) 1.000 -
 Medium 83.3 (82.9–83.8) 16.7 (16.2–17.1) 1.987*** 1.904–2.074
 High 74.6 (74.1–75.0) 25.4 (25.0–25.9) 3.282*** 3.157–3.411
Religiosity - - 0.447*** 0.412–0.464
Parental factors     
 Affirmation - - 0.690*** 0.676–0.704
 Fighting with parents     
  No 89.4 (89.2–89.7) 10.6 (10.3–10.9) 1.000 -
  Yes 82.2 (81.9–82.4) 17.9 (17.6–18.2) 1.951*** 1.880–2.024
Behavioral Correlates     
Lifetime Substance Use     
 Alcohol Use     
  Never used 93.6 (93.4–93.8) 6.4 (6.2–6.6) 1.000 -
  Used 72.3 (71.9–72.7) 27.7 (27.3–28.1) 4.630*** 4.449–4.819
 Marijuana Use     
  Never used 91.3 (91.2–91.5) 8.7 (8.5–8.8) 1.000 -
  Used 58.0 (57.3–58.7) 42.0 (41.3–42.7) 6.030*** 5.813–6.256
 Illicit Drug Use     
  Never used 89.9 (89.7–90.1) 10.2 (9.9–10.4) 1.000 -
  Used 65.1 (64.4–65.7) 34.9 (34.3–35.6) 4.301*** 4.150–4.457
Crime/Delinquency     
 Stole >$50     
  No 86.8 (86.6–87.1) 13.2 (13.0–13.4) 1.000 -
  Yes 52.6 (51.1–54.0) 47.4 (46.0–48.9) 4.873*** 4.570–5.196
 Fight at School/work     
  No 88.6 (88.4–88.9) 11.4 (11.2–11.6) 1.000 -
  Yes 73.4 (72.8–74.0) 26.6 (26.0–27.2) 2.989*** 2.879–3.103
 Involved in a Group Fight     
  No 88.1 (87.9–88.3) 11.9 (11.7–12.1) 1.000 -
  Yes 69.8 (69.1–70.6) 30.2 (29.4–30.9) 3.274*** 3.154–3.398
 Arrested/Booked (Past year)     
  No 86.6 (86.4–86.8) 13.4 (13.2–13.6) 1.000 -
  Yes 53.1 (51.5–54.7) 46.9 (45.4–48.5) 4.108*** 3.846–4.389
 On Probation     
  No 86.1 (85.9–86.3) 13.9 (13.7–14.1) 1.000 -
  Yes 53.3 (51.5–55.0) 46.7 (45.0–48.5) 3.761*** 3.480–4.067
 On Parole     
  No 85.7 (85.5–85.9) 14.3 (14.1–14.5) 1.000 -
  Yes 49.4 (45.3–53.6) 50.6 (46.4–54.7) 4.405*** 3.667–5.293
School-related Factors (n = 148,360)    
 Academic engagement - - 0.510*** 0.492–0.528
 Grades     
  A 91.8 (91.5–92.2) 8.2 (7.8–8.5) 1.000 -
  B 85.2 (84.9–85.6) 14.8 (14.4–15.1) 1.751*** 1.663–1.844
  C 78.2 (77.6–78.8) 21.8 (21.2–22.4) 2.602*** 2.450–2.763
  D 72.1 (70.8–73.3) 27.9 (26.7–29.2) 3.695*** 3.393–4.024
 Skipping School     
  No 86.7 (86.4–87.0) 13.3 (13.0–13.6) 1.000 -
  Yes 71.4 (70.5–72.2) 28.6 (27.8–29.5) 2.188*** 2.078–2.303
  1. Adjusted odds ratios adjusted for age, gender, race/ethnicity, household income, father in the house, school enrollment status, urbanity, and year
  2. *p < .05, **p < .01, ***p < .001