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Table 1 Patient demographic and clinical characteristics, by site of care

From: HIV treatment outcomes among formerly incarcerated transitions clinic patients in a high prevalence setting

Covariate Comparison group (n = 100) Transitions (n = 38) p-value1
Demographics
 Age: Mean (S.D.) 49 (9) 49 (9) 0.98
 Male gender 90 (90%) 35 (92%) 0.71
 Race Black/African-American 52 (52%) 17 (45%) 0.09
Hispanic/Latino 46 (46%) 17 (45%)
Other2 2 (2%) 4 (11%)
HIV variables
 VL suppressed at care initiation 29 (29%) 22 (58%) < 0.01
 Recent HIV diagnosis3 19 (18%) 2 (5%) 0.04
 Reported years diagnosed with HIV4 (S.D.) 11.0 (9.5) 14.8 (8.7) 0.03
 On ART during follow-up 90 (90%) 37 (97%) 0.18
 HIV risk factor Heterosexual 58 (58%) 20 (53%) 0.57
MSM5 33 (32%) 2 (5%) < 0.01
Injection drug use 12 (12%) 20 (53%) < 0.01
Transfusion 1 (1%) 0 (0%)  N/A
Unknown 1 (1%) 4 (11%) < 0.01
Comorbidities
 Chronic illness6 67 (67%) 24 (63%) 0.67
 Hepatitis C infection 19 (19%) 25 (66%) < 0.01
 Current substance use disorder 24 (24%) 22 (58%) < 0.01
 Current opioid use disorder7 12 (12%) 21 (55%) < 0.01
 Current cocaine use disorder 5 (5%) 8 (21%) < 0.01
 Current alcohol use disorder 9 (9%) 5 (13%) 0.47
 Psychiatric illness8 39 (39%) 20 (53%) 0.15
 Chronic non-malignant pain9 39 (39%) 21 (55%) 0.09
 Current smoking 41 (41%) 30 (79%) < 0.01
 Receiving buprenorphine maintenance treatment 2 (2%) 11 (29%) < 0.01
 Receiving prescription opioid analgesics10 21 (21%) 3 (8%) 0.08
  1. 1For statistical tests of bivariate association: t-test for continuous variables, chi-square for categorical variables, Fisher’s Exact test for categorical variables with expected cell size < 5
  2. 2“Other” includes white and mixed-race
  3. 3Within 12 months of care initiation
  4. 4HIV diagnosis date information was available for 131 patients total
  5. 5Sexual transmission: men who have sex with men
  6. 6Chronic non-infectious disease diagnosis: e.g. hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, etc.
  7. 7DSM-IV diagnosis of opioid dependence
  8. 8DSM-IV Axis I diagnoses, including: Major Depressive Disorder, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Bipolar Disorder, Mood Disorder (Not Otherwise Specified), Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder, Panic Disorder, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, AIDS Dementia Complex
  9. 9Pain lasting > 12 weeks due to factors other than malignancy, e.g. intervertebral disc disease, osteoarthritis, or neuropathy
  10. 10Chronic pain as described above; HIV provider renews opioid analgesic prescription to be used daily for at least 3 continuous months