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Table 1 Unweighted Observed Characteristics of Full Analytic Sample, State Inmates, 2004. (Pre-imputation; N = 12,272)

From: Mental and physical health in prison: how co-occurring conditions influence inmate misconduct

Variables and Items M (SD) Obs. R
Dependent Variables
Prison misconduct types (all ref.: no)
 Alcohol violation 0.02 0.14 0–1
 Disobey 0.25 0.43 0–1
 Drug violation 0.05 0.23 0–1
 Escape attempt 0.01 0.09 0–1
 Out of place 0.15 0.36 0–1
 Stolen property 0.01 0.11 0–1
 Unauthorized item 0.14 0.34 0–1
 Verbal assault of a guard 0.08 0.27 0–1
 Verbal assault of an inmate 0.05 0.23 0–1
 Possession of a weapon 0.03 0.17 0–1
 Non-serious prison misconduct - variety scale, ct 0.67 0.42 0–5
 Serious prison misconduct - variety scale, ct 0.13 1.04 0–5
Main Independent Variables
 Acute health conditions - variety scale, ct 1.43 1.06 0–4
 Chronic health conditions - variety scale, ct 0.67 1.04 0–9
 Mental health conditions - variety scale, ct 0.61 1.18 0–7
 Categories of co-occurring health conditions
  Chronic + mental 0.02
  Chronic + acute 0.20
  Acute + mental 0.10
  All three conditions 0.13
Covariates
 Drug dependence (ref: no) 0.38 0.49 0–1
 Work assignment (ref: no) 0.62 0.49 0–1
 Job program (ref: no) 0.28 0.45 0–1
 Number of prior incarcerations 1.87 4.58 0–161
 Total months served 55.62 63.23 0–523
 Sentence length (months) 125.42 180.68 0–4400
 Offense type
  Violent 0.46
  Property 0.20
  Drug 0.23
  Public order 0.11
 Race
  White 0.37
  Black or African American 0.40
  Hispanic 0.17
  Other/multiple races 0.05
  Female (ref: male) 0.20
  Age 35.33 10.43 16–84
  Education 10.87 2.32 0–18
  1. ABBREVIATIONS: ct = count. M = mean. (SD) = standard deviation. Obs. R = observed range
  2. ref = reference group
  3. NOTE: Results shown for individual scale items first, followed by full scale results. Mean and standard deviations are reported for continuous variables only