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Table 3 Probation Department Leader Responses to, and Perceptions of Staff Training, Knowledge, Referrals, and Familiarity with OUD Medications (N = 26)

From: Probation clients’ barriers to access and use of opioid use disorder medications

Amount of training Not at all to a little A moderate amount A lot to a great deal
  % n % n % n
Probation department leader training
 Naltrexone 46.1 12 38.5 10 15.4 4
 Buprenorphine 61.5 16 23.1 6 15.4 4
 Methadone 65.4 17 23.1 6 11.5 3
Perceived staff training
 Naltrexone (n = 25) 64.0 16 24.0 6 12.0 3
 Buprenorphine (n = 25) 76.0 19 20.0 5 4.0 1
 Methadone (n = 25) 84.0 21 12.0 3 4.0 1
How knowledgeable are … Not at all to slightly knowledgeable Moderately knowledgeable Very to extremely knowledgeable
Probation department leaders about referrals for medications
 Naltrexone 26.9 7 34.6 9 38.5 10
 Buprenorphine 34.6 9 26.9 7 38.5 10
 Methadone 34.6 9 23.1 6 42.3 11
How open are/is … Not at all to slightly open Moderately open Very to extremely open
Leaders to client referrals for medications
 Naltrexone (n = 24) 4.2 1 8.3 2 87.5 21
 Buprenorphine (n = 25) 8.0 2 20.0 5 72.0 18
 Methadone (n = 25) 20.0 5 24.0 6 56.0 14
The agency to client referrals for medications
 Naltrexone (n = 24) 4.2 1 8.3 2 87.5 21
 Buprenorphine (n = 25) 8.0 2 20.0 5 72.0 18
 Methadone (n = 25) 20.0 5 24.0 6 56.0 14
How familiar are probation department leaders with … Not at all to slightly familiar Moderately familiar Very to extremely familiar
The use and purpose of medications
 Naltrexone 15.4 4 38.5 10 46.1 12
 Buprenorphine 23.1 6 34.6 9 42.3 11
 Methadone 15.4 4 50.0 13 34.6 9
The administration of medications
 Naltrexone 26.9 7 38.5 10 34.6 9
 Buprenorphine 30.8 8 38.5 10 30.8 8
 Methadone 19.2 5 53.8 14 26.9 7
How each of the medications work
 Naltrexone 34.6 9 23.1 6 42.3 11
 Buprenorphine 34.6 9 26.9 7 38.5 10
 Methadone 30.8 8 38.5 10 30.8 8
The effectiveness of medications
 Naltrexone 19.2 5 50.0 13 30.8 8
 Buprenorphine 26.9 7 38.5 10 34.6 9
 Methadone 19.2 5 50.0 13 30.8 8