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Table 1 Sample characteristics and prevalence of lifetime mental illness diagnosis, low MWB and self-harm and suicide outcomes

From: Adverse childhood experiences: a retrospective study to understand their associations with lifetime mental health diagnosis, self-harm or suicide attempt, and current low mental wellbeing in a male Welsh prison population

Category AllPercentage reporting outcome
Lifetime mental illness diagnosisSelf-harmSuicide attemptCurrent Low MWBa
LifetimeLifetime in prisonLifetimeLifetime in prison
All% 48.733.119.932.110.729.6
ACE count015.835.18.12.717.62.713.5
117.733.718.110.813.33.624.1
2–320.937.831.616.325.56.122.4
≥445.564.348.431.047.418.340.8
X2 38.38851.80735.24645.61524.40525.401
P < 0.001< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001< 0.001
Age group (years)18–209.227.925.614.025.64.725.6
21–2416.243.442.132.928.910.525.3
25–2919.745.729.316.333.717.429.3
30–3928.053.433.617.630.57.628.2
≥4026.956.332.519.036.511.135.2
X2 12.7584.49610.2712.5647.2812.987
P 0.0130.3430.0360.6330.1220.560
EthnicityWhite84.252.535.021.334.811.931.8
Other15.828.423.012.217.64.117.8
X2 14.5554.0863.2818.4674.0495.788
P < 0.0010.0430.0700.0040.0440.016
QualificationsNo qualifications31.049.030.318.633.19.737.2
Secondary school36.548.540.427.535.112.330.0
College/6th form25.050.430.814.530.812.023.3
Higher education7.542.917.15.717.12.917.1
X2 0.6248.86612.874.4583.0668.906
P 0.8910.0310.0050.2160.3820.031
  1. ACE Adverse childhood experience; MWB Mental wellbeing
  2. aScores ≤19.59
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