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Table 2 Prevalence of low individual components of SWEMWBS by demographics and ACE count

From: Adverse childhood experiences: a retrospective study to understand their associations with lifetime mental health diagnosis, self-harm or suicide attempt, and current low mental wellbeing in a male Welsh prison population

  % in the last 2 weeks that have never or rarely been
Feeling optimisticFeeling usefulFeeling relaxedDealing with problems wellThinking clearlyFeeling close to othersAble to make up my own mind
n 467466467467467467467
All%17.327.325.716.714.333.67.1
ACE count014.917.69.56.84.114.94.1
114.526.521.712.08.426.54.8
2–316.327.616.314.312.228.69.2
≥419.830.837.323.121.245.38.0
X21.7704.87230.28113.22717.25927.5872.623
 0.6210.181< 0.0010.0040.001< 0.0010.454
Age group (years)18–2011.637.218.614.016.327.97.0
21–2416.029.325.317.313.329.36.7
25–2919.623.929.318.518.531.57.6
30–3916.027.524.414.514.538.26.9
≥4019.824.827.018.311.134.97.1
X22.0973.2142.0001.1372.5472.7380.690
P0.7180.5230.7360.8880.6360.6030.999
EthnicityWhite19.528.226.617.815.533.58.1
Other5.521.920.511.08.234.21.4
X28.4971.2431.2012.0522.6440.0154.276
P0.0040.2650.2730.1520.1040.9020.039
QualificationsNo qualifications20.731.029.021.419.333.810.3
Secondary school18.725.925.115.812.331.65.8
College/6th form12.927.624.114.715.536.25.2
Higher education11.417.120.08.60.034.35.7
X23.7863.0181.5814.3959.4930.6763.491
P0.2860.3890.6640.2220.0230.8790.322
  1. ACE Adverse childhood experience, SWEMWBS Short Warwick-Edinburgh Mental Wellbeing Scale
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