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Table 3 Adjusted odds ratios (AORs) for lifetime mental illness diagnosis, self-harm and suicide attempt by demographics and ACE count

From: Adverse childhood experiences: a retrospective study to understand their associations with lifetime mental health diagnosis, self-harm or suicide attempt, and current low mental wellbeing in a male Welsh prison population

 Lifetime mental illness diagnosisSelf-harmSuicide attempt
LifetimeLifetime in prisonLifetimeLifetime in prison
AOR95% CIsPAOR95% CIsPAOR95% CIsPAOR95% CIsPAOR95% CIsP
Age group (years)
 18–200.310.14–0.680.0040.770.33–1.770.5300.760.27–2.110.5970.630.28–1.450.2760.450.10–2.170.322
 21–240.560.30–1.050.0691.430.75–2.730.2802.051.01–4.180.0470.640.33–1.240.1830.860.33–2.240.758
 25–290.640.36–1.150.1330.780.41–1.460.4310.730.34–1.550.4080.840.46–1.560.5871.720.76–3.900.192
 30–390.920.54–1.560.7510.960.54–1.700.8930.840.43–1.670.6230.710.41–1.250.2380.630.26–1.530.308
 40+Ref 0.024Ref 0.463Ref 0.056Ref 0.615Ref 0.161
Qualifications
 No qualifications1.100.49–2.500.8131.300.47–3.580.6182.160.47–10.080.3251.780.65–4.880.2632.390.29–19.970.421
 Secondary school1.000.45–2.240.9932.180.80–5.910.1263.880.86–17.640.0791.990.73–5.390.1763.100.38–25.290.291
 College/6th form1.210.53–2.770.6571.520.54–4.270.4291.740.36–8.360.4891.770.64–4.940.2743.590.43–30.120.239
 Higher educationRef 0.907Ref 0.143Ref 0.029Ref 0.604Ref 0.563
Ethnicity
 White3.181.71–5.69< 0.0012.221.19–4.130.0122.391.09–5.240.0302.821.45–5.490.0023.290.97–11.50.056
ACE count
 0Ref < 0.001Ref < 0.001Ref < 0.001Ref < 0.001Ref < 0.001
 11.050.53–2.080.8872.480.90–6.850.0803.960.81–19.280.0890.710.29–1.720.4441.270.20–7.940.797
 2–31.220.63–2.340.5555.562.15–14.39< 0.0017.001.53–32.070.0121.660.77–3.590.1942.520.49–13.050.272
 ≥ 43.962.20–7.11< 0.00110.694.39–26.04< 0.00115.083.54–64.27< 0.0014.362.22–8.56< 0.0017.981.85–34.420.005
  1. Reference category for ethnicity = other; ACE Adverse childhood experience, Ref Reference category
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