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Table 3 Regressions predicting Intimidation and Physical Violence

From: Trajectories of victimization to violence among incarcerated women

  Intimidation
Model I
(N = 1048)
Severe physical violence
Model II
(N = 1048)
IRR CI: 95% IRR CI: 95%
Number of abuse experiences < 18 1.17** 1.15–1.19 1.13** 1.12–1.13
Age of first arrest < 18 1.38** 1.30–1.47 1.26** 1.13–1.40
Number of arrests 1.00** 1.00–1.01 1.00* 1.00–1.01
Number of substances used 1.22** 1.17–1.27 1.14** 1.13–1.14
Black/African American 1.17 0.79–1.76 0.97 0.81–1.17
Hispanic/Latina 1.06 0.89–1.27 1.06 0.97–1.15
Multiracial 0.99 0.89–1.08 1.14 0.94–1.39
Other/unknown 1.52** 1.32–1.76 1.40** 1.24–1.57
Age 0.99 0.99–1.00 0.99 0.99–1.00
Education (HS/GED or higher) 0.93 0.59–1.47 0.92 0.62–1.36
  1. Reference Group: White, less than HS/GED
  2. *p < .01; **p < .001