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Table 2 Cross site comparison of specific details related pertaining to each identified themes

From: Impacts of COVID-19 at the intersection of substance use disorder treatment and criminal justice systems: findings from three states

  How theme was observed at each site
Theme Illinois Indiana Kentucky
1. Criminal justice response and impact
 1a. Releases, arrests, & census impact - Accommodate social distancing through reduced census by limiting arrests, releasing minor offenders, & placing on community supervision -Accommodate social distancing through reduced census by not processing juvenile offenders as arrests -Accommodate social distancing through reduced census by limiting arrests, releasing minor offenders, & placing on community supervision
-Stop transfers between facilities to help pandemic procedure implementation
 1b. Impact on pre-release planning & linkage to services -Rapid release prevents appropriate community MOUD linkage
-COVID-19 info prioritized over MOUD education
-Some who were COVID-19 positive released before obtaining results
-Rapid release prevents staff from identifying youth with SUD -Rapid release hinders community service linkage
-Limiting visitors for social distancing prevents involving family & friends in treatment & recovery planning
-Difficulties addressing COVID-19 concerns of those being released
2. Community providers treatment referral & intake changes -Limiting of new intakes
-Quarantine requirements make placements difficult
-Limiting of new intakes, with some providers completely stopping intakes -Limiting of new intakes
-Some stopped taking jail referrals because high jail COVID-19 rates
-Lower census implemented to facilitate social distancing
-Length of some residential treatment expanded
3. Implementation of telehealth & telejustice
 3a. Telehealth -Treatment system largely benefited from telehealth implementation
-Client access to necessary technology noted as barrier
-Treatment system largely benefited from telehealth implementation
-Client access to necessary technology noted as barrier
-Drawbacks when working with high-risk situations
-Treatment system largely benefited from telehealth implementation
-Client access to necessary technology noted as barrier
-Older clients not always as comfortable with telehealth
 3b. Telejustice -Telejustice implemented for court hearings -Telejustice implemented for justice system intakes, court hearings -Telejustice implemented for court hearings, community supervision
- Telejustice noted as a benefit for clients reporting on supervision