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Table 3 Differences in MOUD barriers by court role, type, and urbanity

From: Barriers to medications for opioid use disorder in the court system: provider availability, provider “trustworthiness,” and cost

  Role Type Urbanity
Barrier H U Mean Rank for Criminal Courts Mean Rank for Family Courts U Mean Rank for Rural Courts Mean Rank for Urban Courts
No methadone providers are located near our court 8.81 1487.00 57.83 62.42 1108.00*** 78.34 57.09
No buprenorphine providers are located near our court 9.56 1101.50 52.69 61.53 928.50*** 72.86 53.55
No naltrexone providers are located near our court 9.07 776.00*** 48.71 66.97 803.50*** 72.29 52.45
No trustworthy methadone providers are located near our court 9.09 1276.00 53.49 54.92 1112.00 65.30 55.06
No trustworthy buprenorphine providers are located near our court 11.03 934.50 50.13 61.30 925.00* 67.10 53.51
No trustworthy naltrexone providers are located near our court 14.07 587.00*** 45.43 67.54 751.00** 68.19 50.66
Clients lack financial resources to pay for methadone treatment 11.83 1794.00** 61.00 44.65 857.00** 73.03 51.95
Clients lack financial resources to pay for buprenorphine treatment 14.17 1447.00 56.17 49.89 1017.00* 67.59 53.21
Clients lack financial resources to pay for naltrexone treatment 6.798 1080.00 51.50 54.75 950.00 64.24 53.09
  1. Abbreviation: H Kruskal Wallis value, U Mann-Whitney U value
  2. * p < .05, ** p < .01, *** p < .001