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Table 4 Associations between baseline psychosocial risk factors and outcomes for individuals engaging with Breaking Free from Substance Abuse in order to address their methamphetamine use

From: Associations between psychosocial risk factors, and changes in substance dependence and psychosocial functioning, during engagement with digital cognitive behavioral therapy for methamphetamine use: use of 'Breaking Free from Substance Abuse' by incarcerated people during the COVID-19 pandemic

Outcome measure Baseline psychosocial criminogenic risk factors β t p 95% CI Overall regression model (association between outcomes and baseline participant characteristics)
Lower Upper R2 F df p
SDS Total SDS score .372 12.775 <.001 .334 .455     
Polysubstance user .033 1.192 .233 −.213 .874     
Total PHQ-4 score .028 0.861 .389 −.048 .123     
RPM item: Paranoid thoughts .000 0.006 .995 −.744 .749     
RPM item: Difficulties in close relationships .033 1.021 .308 −.302 .956     
RPM item: Conflict with other people .046 1.484 .138 −.144 1.038     
RPM item: Poor health .015 0.513 .608 −.434 .742 0.165 18.700 12, 1136 < .001
RPM item: Problems with work/education −.035 −1.172 .242 −.999 .252     
RPM item: Unstable accommodation −.013 −0.425 .671 −.727 .468     
RPM item: Financial difficulties .023 0.757 .449 −.350 .790     
RPM item: Risk taking behaviors −.003 −0.087 .931 −.618 .566     
RPM item: Aggression −.005 −0.171 .864 −.649 .545     
PHQ-4 Total SDS score .046 1.607 .108 −.009 .090     
Polysubstance user .013 0.485 .628 −.333 .551     
Total PHQ-4 score .365 11.473 <.001 .337 .475     
RPM item: Paranoid thoughts −.047 −1.582 .114 −1.097 .118     
RPM item: Difficulties in close relationships .028 0.883 .377 −.281 .742     
RPM item: Conflict with other people .073 2.409 .016 .109 1.070     
RPM item: Poor health −.006 −0.195 .846 −.525 .430 0.207 24.721 12, 1137 < .001
RPM item: Problems with work/education .045 1.522 .128 −.114 .903     
RPM item: Unstable accommodation −.001 −0.047 .963 −.497 .474     
RPM item: Financial difficulties .011 0.376 .707 −.375 .552     
RPM item: Risk taking behaviors .040 1.313 .190 −.159 .803     
RPM item: Aggression .059 1.936 .053 −.006 .963     
WHOQoL-BREF Total SDS score .041 1.365 .172 −.020 .109     
Polysubstance user −.050 −1.775 .076 −1.100 .055     
Total PHQ-4 score −.208 −6.195 <.001 −.377 −.196     
RPM item: Paranoid thoughts −.025 −0.783 .434 −1.111 .477     
RPM item: Difficulties in close relationships −.037 −1.129 .259 −1.054 .284     
RPM item: Conflict with other people −.063 −1.950 .051 −1.252 .004     
RPM item: Poor health −.046 −1.535 .125 −1.114 .136 0.114 12.233 12, 1137 < .001
RPM item: Problems with work/education −.075 −2.416 .016 −1.484 −.154     
RPM item: Unstable accommodation −.013 −0.396 .692 −.763 .507     
RPM item: Financial difficulties −.033 −1.069 .285 −.936 .276     
RPM item: Risk taking behaviors −.039 −1.230 .219 −1.023 .235     
RPM item: Aggression .007 0.203 .839 −.568 .699     
RPM Total SDS score .042 1.414 .158 −.062 .383     
Polysubstance user .028 0.990 .322 −.988 3.002     
Total PHQ-4 score .201 5.996 <.001 .645 1.272     
RPM item: Paranoid thoughts .034 1.077 .282 −1.237 4.248     
RPM item: Difficulties in close relationships −.006 −0.167 .867 −2.506 2.113     
RPM item: Conflict with other people .051 1.608 .108 −.391 3.945     
RPM item: Poor health .000 −0.003 .998 −2.161 2.155 0.117 12.537 12, 1137 < .001
RPM item: Problems with work/education .047 1.525 .128 −.512 4.082     
RPM item: Unstable accommodation .010 0.303 .762 −1.854 2.530     
RPM item: Financial difficulties .026 0.847 .397 −1.189 2.997     
RPM item: Risk taking behaviors .062 1.932 .054 −.034 4.311     
RPM item: Aggression .061 1.899 .058 −.070 4.308