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  1. Previous studies about health in prisons conclude that incarceration has detrimental consequences for physical and mental health. It is associated with weight gain, decreased fitness, increased cardiovascular ...

    Authors: Michael Mutz and Johannes Müller
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:34

    The Correction to this article has been published in Health & Justice 2023 11:50

  2. Survivors of sexual abuse and their families seek help from criminal law enforcement agencies and health professionals to obtain justice and health care. Many communities have implemented multi-professional co...

    Authors: Nuno Coelho, Anabela Neves and João Gregório
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:33
  3. Incarceration rates have increased exponentially among women, and racial disparities in justice involvement persist. Coupled with disparities in HIV in the US South that begin early in the life course, it is i...

    Authors: Felicia A. Browne, Yukiko Washio, William A. Zule and Wendee M. Wechsberg
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:32
  4. Health and social service organizations, including the emergency department (ED) and public assistance programs, constitute a social safety net that may serve as an “access point” for substance use treatment u...

    Authors: Sugy Choi, Amanda Bunting, Talia Nadel, Charles J. Neighbors and Carrie B. Oser
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:31
  5. For youth involved in the juvenile justice (JJ) system, caregiver involvement and engagement in the system is crucial for youth development and outcomes of JJ cases; however, there are challenges to establishi...

    Authors: Allyson L. Dir, Casey Pederson, Shirin Khazvand, Katie Schwartz, Sarah E. Wiehe and Matthew C. Aalsma
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:30
  6. Despite the heightened risk for substance use (SU) among youth in the juvenile justice system, many do not receive the treatment that they need.

    Authors: Danica K. Knight, Rod R. Funk, Steven Belenko, Michael Dennis, Amanda L. Wiese, John P. Bartkowski, Richard Dembo, Katherine S. Elkington, Patrick M. Flynn, Philip W. Harris, Aaron Hogue, Lawrence A. Palinkas, Angela A. Robertson and Christy K. Scott
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:29
  7. The national Stepping Up Initiative has attracted over 500 counties interested in reducing the use of jail for individuals with mental health disorders. This paper identifies socioeconomic, criminal legal, and...

    Authors: Niloofar Ramezani, Maji Hailemariam, Alex J. Breno, Benjamin J. Mackey, Alison Evans Cuellar, Jennifer E. Johnson and Faye S. Taxman
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:27
  8. This qualitative study seeks to understand how formerly incarcerated individuals in Rhode Island conceptualize their mental health and perceive obstacles to accessing and utilizing mental health services follo...

    Authors: Shivani Nishar, Esteem Brumfield, Shromona Mandal, Rahul Vanjani and Jon Soske
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:26
  9. People with substance use disorders (SUD) who have been involved in the legal system often experience stigma upon reentry into the community after incarceration. Although substance use treatment can sometimes ...

    Authors: Kelly E. Moore, Janan P. Wyatt, Sarah Phillips, Catherine Burke, Chyrell Bellamy and Sherry A. McKee
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:25
  10. Stigma associated with substance use and criminal involvement is pervasive and creates a barrier to evidence-based addiction care within the criminal legal system. Research has yet to examine a multi-level st...

    Authors: Kelly E. Moore, Jennifer E. Johnson, Jason B. Luoma, Faye Taxman, Robert Pack, Patrick Corrigan, Jim Hart and Judge Duane Slone
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:24
  11. Prison foodways offer a unique opportunity to improve the physical and mental health and wellbeing of an underserved population, yet prison food is often rejected in favour of ‘junk’ food. Improved understandi...

    Authors: Clair Woods-Brown, Kate Hunt and Helen Sweeting
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:23
  12. Elevated mortality rates are found among people who have experienced incarceration, even long after release from prison. The mechanisms related to this excess mortality are complex products of both individual ...

    Authors: Torill Tverborgvik, Marianne Riksheim Stavseth and Anne Bukten
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:22
  13. COVID-19 shut down trial courts across the country, prolonging case resolution of charged, detained, and incarcerated people. We report on the implementation of rapid COVID-19 testing at Trial Courts in Massac...

    Authors: Yvane Ngassa, Emma Smyth, Bridget Pickard, Morgan Maner, Lauren Brinkley Rubinstein and Alysse Wurcel
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:21
  14. People with mental illnesses are disproportionately entangled in the criminal legal system. Historically, this involvement has resulted from minor offending, often accompanied by misdemeanor charges. In recent...

    Authors: Jennifer D. Wood, Amy C. Watson, Leah Pope, Amanda Warnock, Veronica Nelson, Nili Gesser, Adria Zern, Aaron Stagoff-Belfort, Jason Tan de Bibiana and Michael T. Compton
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:20
  15. People who experience incarceration have poorer health than the general population. Yet, we know little about the health and health service utilization of people during the critical period prior to their incar...

    Authors: Tenzin Butsang, Arthur McLuhan, Leslie A. Keown, Kinwah Fung and Flora I. Matheson
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:19
  16. While the severe detrimental impact of COVID-19 on incarcerated people is well known, little is known about the experience of COVID-19 on those on community supervision. Our objective was to better understand ...

    Authors: Katherine LeMasters, Angela Benson, Christopher Corsi, Taylor Krajewski, Kapriskie Seide, Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein and Kathryn Nowotny
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:18
  17. People released from prison experience complex health challenges in addition to challenges resettling into the community. Consequently, employment rates are low. Participating in good quality employment can su...

    Authors: Catriona Connell, Mary Birken, Hannah Carver, Tamara Brown and Jessica Greenhalgh
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:17
  18. Vaccine hesitancy is common among incarcerated populations and, despite vaccination programs, vaccine acceptance within residents remains low, especially within jails. With the goal of assessing the Connecticu...

    Authors: Margaret L. Lind, Byron S. Kennedy, Murilo Dorion Nieto, Amy J. Houde, Peri Sosensky, Ryan Borg, Derek A. T. Cummings, Albert I. Ko and Robert P. Richeson
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:16
  19. Pretrial detention makes up 75% of juvenile detention admissions and contributes to the disproportionate contact of minoritized youth in the juvenile carceral system. Given that prior evidence largely examines...

    Authors: Andy Wen, Noah R. Gubner, Michelle M. Garrison and Sarah Cusworth Walker
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:14
  20. High rates of substance use disorders (SUDs) exist among justice-involved populations (i.e., persons incarcerated or recently released). SUD treatment is crucial for justice-involved populations as unmet treat...

    Authors: Sara Beeler, Tanya Renn and Carrie Pettus
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:13
  21. Substance use disorders (SUD) are prevalent among justice-involved youth (JIY) and are a robust predictor of re-offending. Only a fraction of JIY with substance use problems receive treatment. This paper descr...

    Authors: Angela A. Robertson, Sheena Gardner, Richard Dembo, Michael Dennis, Jennifer Pankow and Khirsten J. Wilson
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:12
  22. The COVID-19 pandemic created intersecting health risks for incarcerated people with a history of substance use disorder (SUD). To reduce exposure to COVID-19 in prison, several US states enacted decarceration...

    Authors: Madeline H. Bono, Peter Treitler, Brendan Saloner and Stephen Crystal
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:11
  23. Correctional officers are critical members of the prison community. However, scholarship rarely considers how correctional officers contribute to prison outcomes instead largely focusing on importation (indivi...

    Authors: TaLisa J. Carter and Tanya N. Whittle
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:10
  24. In Harper v. Washington (1990), the United States Supreme Court established the right of states to involuntary medicate incarcerated individuals in emergency situations without a court order. The extent to which ...

    Authors: Joana Orta, Catherine Barton, Patricia Ilao and Dorie E. Apollonio
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:9
  25. Individuals held in carceral settings were significantly impacted by the COVID-19 pandemic. However, limited research exists of the direct experiences of individuals detained by the United States (U.S.) Immigr...

    Authors: Caroline H. Lee, Nishant Uppal, Parsa Erfani, Raquel Sofia Sandoval, Kathryn Hampton, Ranit Mishori and Katherine R. Peeler
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:8
  26. The U.S. overdose crisis has motivated police departments to enact policies allowing officers to directly deflect individuals to substance use disorder treatment and other services shown to reduce recidivism a...

    Authors: Jessica Reichert, Sharyn Adams, Jirka Taylor and Brandon del Pozo
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:7
  27. The impact of COVID-19 has been exceptional, particularly on the National Health Service which has juggled COVID affected patients alongside related staff shortages and the existing (and growing) health needs ...

    Authors: Lucy Wainwright, Sarah Senker, Krysia Canvin and Laura Sheard
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:6
  28. Correctional settings are hotspots for SARS-CoV-2 transmission. Social and biological risk factors contribute to higher rates of COVID-19 morbidity and mortality among justice-involved individuals. Rapidly ide...

    Authors: Lindsey R. Riback, Peter Dickson, Keyanna Ralph, Lindsay B. Saber, Rachel Devine, Lindsay A. Pett, Alyssa J. Clausen, Jacob A. Pluznik, Chava J. Bowden, Jennifer C. Sarrett, Alysse G. Wurcel, Victoria L. Phillips, Anne C. Spaulding and Matthew J. Akiyama
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:5
  29. An emergent intervention to address the opioid epidemic is the use of multidisciplinary outreach teams which connect an individual in the community to healthcare resources after the experience of an opioid ove...

    Authors: Amelia Bailey, Calla Harrington and Elizabeth A. Evans
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:3
  30. Mental health frameworks, best practices, and the well-being of public safety personnel in Canada are topics of increasing interest to both researchers and organizations. To protect and improve worker mental h...

    Authors: Matthew S. Johnston, Rosemary Ricciardelli, Maryam Ghodrati and Stephen Czarnuch
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:2
  31. There are challenges to delivering high quality primary care within prison settings and well-recognised gaps between evidence and practice. There is a growing body of literature evaluating interventions to imp...

    Authors: Jenna Blackaby, Jordan Byrne, Sue Bellass, Krysia Canvin and Robbie Foy
    Citation: Health & Justice 2023 11:1
  32. In the incarcerated population, the largest ethnic and racial group is Black people. Heart disease is known as the leading causes of death in the United States which can lead to cardiac arrest. Layperson cardi...

    Authors: Christopher Scott Sampson, Julie A. W. Stilley, Elizabeth Kendrick and Kayla Riel
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:37
  33. Jails are optimal settings in which to screen individuals for opioid use disorders (OUD) and provide needed services, especially medications for OUD (MOUD). This study sought to assess the availability of OUD ...

    Authors: Christy K. Scott, Christine E. Grella, Michael L. Dennis, John Carnevale and Robin LaVallee
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:36
  34. While the COVID-19 pandemic disrupted healthcare delivery everywhere, persons with carceral system involvement and opioid use disorder (OUD) were disproportionately impacted and vulnerable to severe COVID-asso...

    Authors: Elizabeth C. Saunders, Milan F. Satcher, Laura B. Monico, Ryan D. McDonald, Sandra A. Springer, David Farabee, Jan Gryczynski, Amesika Nyaku, Donald Reeves, Lynn E. Kunkel, Alysse M. Schultheis, Robert P. Schwartz, Joshua D. Lee, Lisa A. Marsch and Elizabeth Needham Waddell
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:35
  35. Utilizing Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) measurement scales to assess youths’ adversities has expanded exponentially in health and justice studies. However, most of the ACEs assessment scales have yet t...

    Authors: Xiaohan Mei, Jiayu Li, Zhi-Shu Li, Shun Huang, Li-Li Li, Yang-Hong Huang and Jianhong Liu
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:34
  36. The transition to the community after incarceration presents challenges for returning citizens, including the immediate need to secure housing, employment, and income. Additionally, health care is essential fo...

    Authors: Justeen Hyde, Thomas Byrne, Beth Ann Petrakis, Vera Yakovchenko, Bo Kim, Graeme Fincke, Rendelle Bolton, Christy Visher, Jessica Blue-Howells, Mari-Lynn Drainoni and D. Keith McInnes
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:33
  37. Maternal imprisonment negatively impacts mothers and their children and is likely to have lifelong and intergenerational sequelae. In many jurisdictions nationally and internationally, young children (usually ...

    Authors: Diksha Sapkota, Susan Dennison, Jyai Allen, Jenny Gamble, Corrie Williams, Nomxolisi Malope-Rwodzi, Laura Baar, Janet Ransley and Tara Renae McGee
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:32
  38. Mass incarceration has mental health consequences on those directly affected; some studies have also shown spillover effects on the physical health of the surrounding population. There is a dearth of research ...

    Authors: Ashley Hickson, Ritika Purbey, Lorraine Dean, Joseph J. Gallo, Roland J. Thorpe, Keshia Pollack Porter and Aruna Chandran
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:31
  39. Trauma exposure and drug addiction go hand-in-hand for the 2.17 million people who are incarcerated in US prisons; prevalence of both exceed 80% among this population. This manuscript describes the rationale a...

    Authors: Melissa J. Zielinski, Mollee K. Steely Smith, Debra Kaysen, James P. Selig, Nickolas D. Zaller, Geoffrey Curran and JoAnn E. Kirchner
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:30
  40. Research on the health consequences of criminal legal system contact has increasingly looked beyond imprisonment to understand how more routine forms of surveillance and punishment shape wellbeing. One of thes...

    Authors: Michelle S. Phelps, Ingie H. Osman, Christopher E. Robertson and Rebecca J. Shlafer
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:29
  41. Methamphetamine use can be associated with involvement with correctional services and incarceration. Traditionally, treatments for methamphetamine use have been delivered in-person – however, lockdowns initiat...

    Authors: Sarah Elison-Davies, Jamie Newsome, Andrew Jones, Glyn Davies and Jonathan Ward
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:28
  42. Throughout the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, our research team monitored and documented policy changes in United States (U.S.) prison systems. Data sources included prison websites and official prison s...

    Authors: Melissa J. Zielinski, Mariah Cowell, Chelsey E. Bull, Manasa Veluvolu, M. Forrest Behne, Kathryn Nowotny and Lauren Brinkley-Rubinstein
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:27
  43. Despite constituting the largest segment of the correctional population, individuals on court-ordered probation remain largely unstudied with respect to hepatitis C virus (HCV) testing and linkage-to-care. We ...

    Authors: Kevin F. Kamis, David L. Wyles, Matthew S. Minturn, Tracy Scott, Dean McEwen, Hermione Hurley, Scott J. Prendergast, Jessie Gunter and Sarah E. Rowan
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:26
  44. Individuals with substance use disorders (SUD), particularly opioid use disorder (OUD), who are criminal justice-involved are a particularly vulnerable population that has been adversely affected by COVID-19 d...

    Authors: Allyson L. Dir, Martha Tillson, Matthew C. Aalsma, Michele Staton, Monte Staton and Dennis Watson
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:25
  45. Medications for opioid use disorder (MOUD) significantly decrease mortality but courts rarely refer participants with opioid use disorder to MOUD providers. Previous qualitative work suggests routine court ref...

    Authors: Fatema Z. Ahmed, Barbara Andraka-Christou, M.H. Clark, Rachel Totaram, Danielle N. Atkins and Brandon del Pozo
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:24
  46. Despite the limitations the carceral environment may impose on mental wellness, mental healthcare is increasingly becoming a carceral endeavor. Over the course of the last several decades, prisons and jails ha...

    Authors: Anna G. Preston, Alana Rosenberg, Penelope Schlesinger and Kim M. Blankenship
    Citation: Health & Justice 2022 10:23

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