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Table 1 Sociodemographic, clinical and behavioral characteristics by gender

From: Gender differences in HIV risk behaviors in individuals recently released from prison: results of a pilot study

Variable Women, N = 50 N (%) or median (IQR) or mean (SD) Men, N = 59 N (%) median (IQR) mean (SD) P-value
Sociodemographic variables    
Mean age 36.8 (8.4) 38.1 (12) 0.53
Race*    0.26
      White 10 (20) 19 (33)  
      Black 28 (57) 31 (53)  
      Other 11 (22) 8 (14)  
Hispanic 5 (10) 9 (15) 0.57
Employed 3 (6) 7 (12) 0.34
Marital status    
      Never married, or living alone 30 (60) 41 (71)  
      Married, or living with a partner 6 (12) 9 (16) 0.19
      Separated, divorced, or widowed 14 (28) 8 (14)  
Education    
      Less than high school 18 (36) 19 (33)  
      High school degree or GED 20 (40) 30 (52) 0.39
      Some college 12 (24) 9 (16)  
Number of minor children 1.59 (1.50) 1.13 (1.32) 0.26
Immediate housing post-release    0.49
Homeless 20 (40) 23 (39)  
Transitional housing 10 (20) 15 (25)  
      Family/Friends 16 (32) 19 (32)  
      Own apartment/house 4 (8) 1 (0.02)  
Current housing    1.00
Homeless 4 (8) 2 (0.03)  
Transitional housing 1 (2) 0 (0)  
Family/Friends 3 (6) 1 (0.02)  
Own apartment/house 3 (6) 1 (0.02)  
Monthly income 845 (843) 308 (262) 0.001
Low Income (≤130% FPL)** 36 (77) 55 (100) <0.001
Sex work 6 (12) 3 (5) 0.30
Incarceration History Variables    
Median days since most recent release 121 (64, 285) 126 (74, 185) 0.32
Times incarcerated, lifetime    
      1 16 (32) 18 (32)  
      2–5 17 (34) 15 (26) 0.25
      >5 13 (26) 23 (40)  
      Don’t know 4 (8) 1 (2)  
Total years incarcerated, lifetime    
      <1 7 (14) 2 (4)  
      1–10 36 (72) 34 (62) 0.016
      >10 7 (14) 19 (35)  
On parole or probation 43 (86) 52 (91) 0.39
Most recent crime was drug-related 23 (47) 31 (58) 0.24
Food security variables    
Food insecure 43 (86) 56 (95) 0.18
Severely food insecure 22 (44) 18 (31) 0.15
AIDS knowledge score 20.3 (6.23) 21.6 (5.19) 0.26
Drug and alcohol use variables    
Overall drug use 29 (58) 25 (42) 0.10
Intravenous drug use 11 (22) 1 (2) 0.001
ASI-lite drug score 0.11 (0.16) 0.04 (0.05) 0.002
ASI-lite alcohol score 0.14 (0.20) 0.08 (0.13) 0.06
Risk-taking behavior variables    
HRBS-plus composite score 7.04 (11.48) 2.37 (2.57) 0.003
HRBS-plus drug subscore 2.72 (6.62) 0.068 (0.52) 0.003
HRBS-plus sex subscore 4.32 (5.69) 2.31 (2.53) 0.016
  1. *Respondents could report multiple races and ethnicities, so this may not add up to 100%.
  2. **Calculated for a single person household in 2013. This amount is $1,210 per month in income.