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Table 1 Factors associated with suicidal ideation (N = 98)

From: Self-harm and suicidal behaviour among incarcerated adults in the Australian Capital Territory

  Suicidal ideation (N) Suicidal ideation (Y) Total sample p-valuea
N(%) 42 (42.9%) N(%) 47(48%) N(%) N = 98  
Gender
 Female 8 (19%) 3 (6.4%) 11 (11.2%) 0.106
 Male 34 (81%) 43 (91.5%) 77 (78.6)  
    88 (89.7%)  
Aboriginal status
 Yes 10 (23.8%) 17 (36.2%) 27 (27.6%) 0.252
 No 32 (76.2%) 30 (63.8%) 62 (63.2%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Mental illness (lifetime)
 Yes 16 (38.1%) 35 (74.5%) 51 (52.0%) 0.001
 No 26 (61.9%) 12 (25.5%) 38 (38.8%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Depression (lifetime)
 Yes 9 (21.4%) 30 (63.8%) 39 (39.8%) <.001
 No 33 (78.6%) 17 (36.2%) 50 (51.0%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Anxiety (lifetime)
 Yes 7 (16.7%) 21 (44.7%) 28 (28.6%) 0.006
 No 35 (83.3%) 26 (55.3%) 61 (62.2%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Bipolar (lifetime)
 Yes 4 (9.5%) 10 (21.3%) 14 (14.3%) 0.154
 No 38 (90.5%) 37 (78.7%) 75 (76.5%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Personality disorder (lifetime)
 Yes 3 (7.1%) 13 (27.7%) 16 (16.3%) 0.014
 No 39 (92.9%) 34 (72.3%) 73 (74.5%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Schizophrenia (lifetime)
 Yes 4 (9.5%) 13 (27.7%) 17 (17.3%) 0.034
 No 38 (90.5%) 34 (72.3%) 72 (73.5%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Substance use disorder (lifetime)
 Yes 6 (14.3%) 19 (40.4%) 25 (25.5%) 0.009
 No 36 (85.7%) 28 (59.6%) 64 (65.3%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Hospitalization in last 12 months (general or psychiatric)
 Yes 5 (12.2%) 16 (34.8%) 21 (21.4%) 0.023
 No 36 (87.8%) 30 (65.2%) 66 (67.3%)  
    87 (88.8%)  
Psychiatric hospitalization (lifetime)
 Yes 4 (9.5%) 13 (28.3%) 17 (17.3%) 0.032
 No 38 (90.5%) 33 (71.7%) 71 (72.4%)  
    88 (89.8%)  
Heroin use in last 12 months
 Yes 11 (26.2%) 21 (44.7%) 32 (32.7%) 0.081
 No 31 (73.8%) 26 (55.3%) 57 (58.2%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Cocaine use in last 12 months
 Yes 3 (7.1%) 8 (17.0%) 11 (11.2%) 0.205
 No 39 (92.9%) 39 (83.0%) 78 (79.6%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Alcohol use in last 12 months
 Yes 23 (54.8%) 33 (70.2%) 56 (57.1%) 0.187
 No 19 (45.2%) 14 (29.8%) 33 (33.7%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Injected drug use in last 12 months
 Yes 6 (14.3%) 13 (27.7%) 19 (19.4%) 0.195
 No 36 (85.7%) 34 (72.3%) 70 (71.4%)  
    89 (90.8%)  
Drug overdose (lifetime)
 Yes 6 (14.6%) 21 (45.7%) 27 (27.6%) 0.002
 No 35 (85.4%) 25 (54.3%) 60 (61.2%)  
    87 (88.8%)  
Self-harm (lifetime)
 Yes 0 (0%) 18 (40.9%) 18 (18.4%) <.001
 No 33 (100%) 26 (59.1%) 59 (60.2%)  
    77 (78.6%)  
  1. aFisher’s exact test
  2. Total sums to less than 100% due to missing data