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Table 1 COVID-19 Outcomes of Incarcerated People Compared to the General Population

From: COVID-19 cases and testing in 53 prison systems

State Tests per 1000 Positive Cases per 1000 Fatalities per 1000 Cases Test Positivity Rate (%)
General Population Prison Population General Population Prison Population General Population Prison Population General Population Prison Population
Alabama 110 21 12 5 21 9 11 24
Alaska 213 400 2 2 10   1 0
Arizona 101 109 18 14 19 2 18 13
Arkansas 131 406 10 149 11   8 37
California 147 443 9 55 21 1 6 12
Colorado 71 357 7 36 46 0 9 10
Connecticut 169   13 122 92 1 8  
Delaware 147   13 55 40 3 9  
Florida 127 308 14 28 15 1 11 9
Georgia 109   12 15 24 3 11  
Hawaii 69 6 1 0 17 0 1 0
Idaho 75 180 7 76 9   9 42
Illinois 164 24 12 9 47 4 8 37
Indiana 87 79 8 27 52 3 9 35
Iowa 123 450 12 25 21 0 9 6
Kansas 82   7 93 15 0 9  
Kentucky 103   5 29 31 1 5  
Louisiana 215 55 18 22 41 2 8 41
Maine 95 588 3 2 32   3 0
Maryland 112 1024 12 34 45 1 11 3
Massachusetts 143 1010 16 54 74 2 11 5
Michigan 137 1017 8 103 80 2 6 10
Minnesota 140 1531 8 39 36 1 6 3
Mississippi 120 15 13 5 33 1 11 31
Missouri 84 618 5 10 37 0 6 2
Montana 116 404 2 0 16   2 0
Nebraska 114 162 11 1 13   10 1
Nevada 118   10 1 20   8  
New Hampshire 101 17 4 0 64   4 2
New Jersey 196 714 20 159 89 2 10 22
New Mexico 205 218 8 24 35 1 4 11
New York 249 99 21 13 80 3 8 13
North Carolina 122 268 9 32 17 1 7 12
North Dakota 166   6 5 19 0 4  
Ohio 91 346 6 105 44 2 7 30
Oklahoma 113 164 6 0 19   5 0
Oregon 72 112 3 22 19 0 4 20
Pennsylvania 76 154 8 6 68 4 10 4
Puerto Ricoa 64   3 0 16   5  
Rhode Island 166 701 17 10 56 0 10 1
South Carolina 102   12 31 16 1 12  
South Dakota 106 33 9 1 15 0 8 3
Tennessee 161 894 10 122 11 0 6 14
Texas 91 912 10 80 12 1 11 9
Utah 135 87 10 1 8 0 7 1
Vermont 126 1031 2 34 42   2 3
Virginia 99   9 42 27 1 9  
Washington 94 156 6 15 33 1 6 9
West Virginia 122 771 3 19 22   2 2
Wisconsin 125 1068 7 13 21   6 1
Wyoming 74   3 0 11   5  
BOP   172   52   11   30
ICEb   607   157   1   26
  1. a Puerto Rico general population data is from the same census source as all general population data; Puerto Rico prison population data is from The Bureau of Justice Statistics in 2012, available at: https://www.bjs.gov/index.cfm?ty=tp&tid=144). The prison population in 2012 was 12,244.
  2. b Immigrantion and Customs Enforcement population data is available at: https://www.ice.gov/detention-management). The population as of July 11, 2020 was 22,340.